Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the backside of the retina. It starts with miss vision problem but in later stages it can cause blindness. Anyone who has Diabetes 1 or 2 are most likely to develop this disease. Sugar in blood can block the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina and cut off the blood supply to retina. As a result, the eye grows new blood vessels. New blood vessels can leak easily because it cannot develop properly.
- Spots or dark strings floaters in vision
- Blurred vision
- Fluctuating vision
- Impaired color vision
- Dark or empty areas in your vision
- Vision loss
Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.
When to see a doctor?
If you see any of above mentioned symptoms.
Types of diabetic retinopathy:
Early diabetic retinopathy: In this more common form called non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) where new blood vessels aren’t growing named proliferating.
Advanced diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy which severe type are known as proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In this type, damaged blood vessels close off, causing the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels in the retina, and can leak into the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the center of your eye. It can damage optic nerve which can be resulted into glaucoma.
- Poor blood sugar level
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Tobacco uses